How accurate and valid are the measurements? While conducting a review of the literature, maximize the time you devote to writing this part of your paper by thinking broadly about what you should be looking for and evaluating. It can even be the deciding factor on whether you pass or fail. Analyse the structure of their arguments and note the way they address the issues. . You may even find that you go off on a tangent, and when you read your essay back, it barely relates to your original thesis. Different Types of Literature Reviews Literature reviews come in many forms. The purpose is to develop a body of literature that establishes a contrarian viewpoint.
If your audience knows less than you do on the topic, your purpose is instructional. This article presents the integrative review of literature as a distinctive form of research that uses existing literature to create new knowledge. Your transitions between ideas analyze, synthesize, and assess these outside perspectives, and do not simply summarize or translate them. Google does not distinguish or judge the quality of results, only how search engine friendly a paper is. There is constant influence from school, family, friends, work, relationships, and other daily encounters that makes stress unavoidable. It can also be helpful to create an outline of how your literature review will be structured. Thus, your review indicates how well you know the field and how vigilantly you have done your homework.
Doing a Literature Review: Releasing the Social Science Research Imagination. Center for Research Quality Library Library Library Video: Using Dissertations for Research 2 min 33 sec The following articles and books outline the purpose of the literature review and offer advice for successfully completing one. Data evaluation -- determining which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic. This is particularly true in disciplines in medicine and the sciences where research conducted becomes obsolete very quickly as new discoveries are made. Hence, the language used in a literature review is often evaluative and demonstrates your perspectives of the literature in relation to your question.
As a result, you will be able to signpost how you are contributing to the existing scholarship, in what ways you are deviating from it, and how your work fits in within the field of study. Frost worked in insurance and software testing before becoming a writer. The type of information you choose to mention should relate directly to the research problem, whether it is thematic, methodological, or chronological. Each paragraph of the body discuses one key idea you identified in the previous step. Absorb as much information as you can. They, on the other hand, are an integral part of any form of scholarly writing. In the course of your studies, you may receive an assignment that involves writing an academic-style literature review.
In the case of a medical study, for example, list who conducted the study and where, when it was published and where and what the main point of the study was. Step 7 Cite all paraphrased or quoted information drawn from the literature. Nor should it simply summarize the articles you've read. Provide a summary and explain the connections and relevancy of each material included in the review. A literature review is likewise not a collection of quotes and paraphrasing from other sources.
The upper class students juniors and seniors and females depicted having higher values of life stress Lin, Huang, 2014. Introduces another question of interest and reviews what has been found so far. A good strategy is to begin by searching the for books about the topic and review the table of contents for chapters that focuses on specific issues. The purpose is to place research in a historical context to show familiarity with state-of-the-art developments and to identify the likely directions for future research. In other words, a complete understanding the research problem requires you to deliberately examine how knowledge and perspectives have changed over time. When doing the review, you analyze your sources, examine all central concepts discussed in them, and evaluate their relevance to your research questions. Say, for instance, your study looks at a question about whether teens from low-income families or high-income families are more likely to suffer low grades and discipline problems related to excess smart phone use.
Writing Center at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. However, the degree of emphasis that is given to individual studies may vary more or less detail may be warranted depending on how critical or unique a given study was. In addition to exhibiting the depth of your reading, they help demonstrate your grasp in the research area. A well-written literature review provides a reference for your research and allows readers to validate what your paper says. Is contrary data considered or is certain pertinent information ignored to prove the author's point? Seven Steps to a Comprehensive Literature Review: A Multimodal and Cultural Approach.
Secondly, it is important that your language indicates your own or other writers' attitudes to the question or issue. Choose a topic with a narrow focus, and be open to adjusting it as the research process unfolds. The theoretical literature review helps to establish what theories already exist, the relationships between them, to what degree the existing theories have been investigated, and to develop new hypotheses to be tested. However, when writing a review in the social sciences, a survey of the history of the literature may be required. Through citations, situate your research in a larger narrative.
Establishes a reason for this chapter and states the purpose. Note however that more authentic thematic reviews tend to break away from chronological order. Theoretical Explanations of Memory Conformity 1. For example, if your research paper is describing an experiment on fear conditioning, then you will probably need to provide an overview of prior research on fear conditioning. University of California, Santa Cruz.
However, unlike , which establish new arguments and make original contributions, literature reviews organize and present existing research. In the act of research and writing the literature review, the writer gains expertise on the topic. Your attitude towards works that you present, either in support or against your topic, through the use of reporting verbs which allow the writer to convey clearly whether the claims in the outside work are to be taken as accepted or not. Depending on the journal and the field, these research questions or hypotheses may be embedded in a paragraph of text or actually listed by number or bullet points. The Library would be the best place to search for your sources.