The Ego has four primary states: waking, dreaming, sleep, and transpersonal. These may include being parented, initiation, courtship, marriage and preparation for death. Jung thought that each of us developed certain functions of the personality as primary, which he saw as dominant or superior functions, whilst others were less well developed, which he called auxiliary functions, and those that were very little developed he called inferior functions. According to Jung, self-realization is attained through individuation. List of Illustrations Editorial Note Prefatory Note to the Original Edition Foreword to the Routledge Classics Edition -- Lecture One --Discussion Notes -- Lecture Two --Discussion Notes -- Lecture Three --Discussion Notes -- Lecture Four --Discussion Notes -- Lecture Five --Discussion Notes Appendix: Participants in the Discussions List of Works Cited Index Late in his life, Carl Jung resisted calls to write a summary or introduction to his corpus for the layperson.
A very accessible introduction into the ideas of Jung, interweaved with some remarkable eye openers and original thoughts. Jung, and those who built upon his efforts, gathered empirical data to form a groundwork for a philosophy of ethics. The personal unconscious is also a dumping ground for things we aren't comfortable with and which we'd really rather not have in consciousness very often. Perseveration: Repetition of a particular response despite the absence of a stimulus. In its more destructive aspects, the shadow can represent those things people do not accept about themselves.
Jung attributes human rational thought to be the male nature, while the irrational aspect is considered to be natural female rational being defined as involving judgment, irrational being defined as involving perceptions. Individuals with emotional difficulties often feel like they live fragmented, disjointed lives filled with varying degrees of emotional experiences. Religions are a good way to structure this process, according to Jung, as they are 'therapeutic systems'. This is the Self, the ordering principle of the entire personality. At this stage, you experience what Jung calls a 'metanoia' change of mind and there is a tendency to more introverted and philosophical thinking.
The vocabulary of the collective unconscious and archetypal images is a constant sub-text—when it is not actually explicit—of the analysis of literature, film and the arts more generally. As part of the Ego unconscious, these complexes can rise into consciousness when activated by appropriate circumstances. He claims that the conciousness forms but a very small part. This simultaneously hides the repressed qualities, which are, instead, cast onto others projection or scapegoating. The overarching goal of Jungian psychology is the attainment of self through. This theory and approach to the practice of psychology were developed by Carl Jung in the early 1900s. He was a prolific writer, many of whose works were not published until after his death.
Jung suggested the influence of the animus and anima archetypes were also involved in this process. The problem comes not in having a persona but in identifying with it to the neglect of the person's inner life. Analytical Psychology was the name Jung wanted to give his school of thought. Archetypes are innate, universal psychic dispositions that form the substrate from which the basic themes of human life emerge. There are many kinds of complex, but at the core of any complex is a universal pattern of experience, or archetype. Energy is not created or destroyed, only moved from one place to another. This was important for Jung since he did not regard psychology and imagery as correlates or reflections of biological drives.
The confrontation of ego and Self was identified by Jung as characteristic of the second half of life. Jung pointed out that in mythology, as in dreams, the shadow is often translated into dark figures or evil animals. Depending on your situation and the agreement you make with your therapist, you will meet for regularly scheduled sessions, one or more times a week. Jung understood that in the process of individuation a person will need to develop their inferior functions — whatever that was for the particular individual — so that they do not simply project those functions onto other people; for example, the intellectual, thinking type who looks down on the sensual, sports-loving, sensation type. Please see them under Bibliography for a complete list of these writings.
However, this is rarely taken as a literal definition: many modern-day Jungian practitioners believe that every person has both an anima and an animus. It emphasizes the importance of the individual and the personal quest for. Jung believed that the human psyche was composed of three components: the , the personal , and the collective unconscious. The strong characteristics of a person have weak counterparts, the inferior functions. Roth: Return of the World Soul, Wolfgang Pauli, C. If you're really interested in Jungian psychology, then this book is for you.
Jung emphasized the importance of being aware of shadow material and incorporating it into conscious awareness in order to avoid projecting shadow qualities on others. . The difference between the pathological states and the normal states is a difference of degree; one state shades imperceptibly into the other. This explains, according to Jung, why we are sometimes immediately attracted to certain strangers: we see our anima or animus in them. Many are the channels to reach this greater self-knowledge. Jung's Psychology of Religion and Synchronicity 10 ed. If the child is allowed too little success, he or she will develop a sense of inferiority or incompetence and mightfeel the need to assert their independence by being disobedient, using back talk and being rebellious.