Anna Freud, Developmental psychology, Erik Erikson 924 Words 3 Pages Compare and contrast two psychological approaches By Rory Simmons My intention in this essay, is to compare and contrast the following psychological approaches Behaviourism and Psychoanalysis, in doing this I will unpack the key points of these two approaches, highlighting the differences and explaining them. Behaviorism, Developmental psychology, Maslow's hierarchy of needs 1327 Words 4 Pages. For this reason, I believe an authoritative parenting style is the most beneficial factor in the formation of identity. Evaluate the effectiveness of developmental theories in addressing socialization needs in adolescents. The walking caused biological changes in her body. Kohlberg, an Ameican psychologist, tried to expand the theory of morality that Piaget gave briefly. Most of the developmental theorists discussed in section one of SantrockSigmund Freud, Jean Piaget, Lev Vygotsky, Konrad Lorenz, and to an extent B.
One of Erik Erikson's steps in his Theory of Psychosocial Development is identity versus confusion, commonly called the identity crisis. Those who remain unsure of their beliefs and desires will feel insecure and confused about themselves and the future. Compare the different theories of life span development for example stage versus open ended; continuity versus discontinuity 2. Analyze the role cultural differences play in theories of parenting and socialization. The first approach I will look at is Psychoanalysis; the most famous psychologist linked to this is Sigmund Freud an Austrian psychologist who first proposed his Psychodynamic approach. Using it as their main ingredient, these schools of thoughts presented development in various ways — thus, in different perspectives. As you can see, some of psychology's best-known thinkers have developed theories to help explore and explain different aspects of child development.
The child uses symbols to represent people and places. Assess foundational theories and current scholarly research related to lifespan development. The process is somewhat subjective, because we tend to modify experience or information somewhat to fit in with our preexisting beliefs. Two areas of human development are emphasized, intellectual functioning and personality, to illustrate lifespan research and theory. Their theories enable many to relate easily. But why do we study development? Some theories are difficult to test but are still useful in stimulating debate or providing concepts that have practical application.
The research that has been conducted tends to discredit Freud's theory. Erikson suggested that how we interact with others is what affects our sense of self, or what he called the ego identity. Can't wait to read it! For example a child may be sent to their room by a parent as a punishment for misbehaviour but the child may perceive this as a reward because all their toys are in their room and they can play. These two gained grounds in psychology by the strengths of Piaget. It can be quoted from Maurice Merleau-Ponty that every object is the mirror of all other objects. Social development and emotional expressions also accompany people in development while security and safety at younger ages leads to a better outlook on the surroundings Rathus 507.
Each person moves through these stages during life, which directly affects his or her success in the next stage. Firstly is the issue of schemata that he conceptualized as the mental structure that represents the world. The topic I have chosen to do my questions on is Parents of teens who are into drugs and the addiction issues that arise from the use of drugs. Eventually, these will change and evolve. Apply theories of cognitive development to early childhood.
These latent dispositions are present in all of us, Jung believed, although people sometimes deny this element of their own psyche and instead project it onto others. Established theories are then tested through research; however, not all theories are equally suited to scientific investigation. In this essay I will compare and. Many of the philosophers who proposed philosophical ideas about childhood development are considered either nativists or maturationists. Analyze theories as they relate to developmental stages.
Behaviors are limited to simple motor responses caused by sensory stimuli. Evaluate the strengths and limitations of the various research methodologies utilized in studying lifespan and human development 3. Early childhood and adolescence are significant stages for individuals, where they grow physically to attain some form of independence. From the mid-60s to the end of life, we are in the period of development known as late adulthood. Journal of Pediatric Psychology 12 1 :3-23. Not all the theories are agreed on. He said that people in late adulthood reflect on their lives and feel either a sense of satisfaction or a sense of failure.
As experiences happen, this new information is used to modify, add to, or change previously existing schemas. Task 3B: - Understand how psychological theories are applied to health and social care practice - Part 2 Report Writing You have been selected by your manager to represent your hospital in a 3 day Mental Health Conference held by world renowned Psychiatrist, Psychologist and Neuroscientist. Thus, by showing their similarities like in language and adaptation theories. These include the need for things that reflect on self-esteem, personal worth, social recognition, and accomplishment. According to Erikson 1963 , trust is the basis of our development during infancy birth to 12 months. While they can conform to rules and social expectations, they also tend to be open and unconventional. Those who have successfully completed the earlier stages are now warm, caring and well-adjusted.