D Focus on a single dream element at a time. Go on, you can stand some more, or something of the kind. Even the horizontal element of the table may contribute something to the symbol. As a child she had often been taken by her nurse to the army stud, where she had the amplest opportunity to satisfy her curiosity, at that time still uninhibited. This person resulting from composition or identification, who is unobjectionable to the censor, is now suited for incorporation in the dream content, and by the application of dream condensation I have satisfied the demands of the dream censor. The latent content does not appear as a narrative like the manifest content but rather as a group of thoughts expressing one or more wishes. In effect, he established the foundation for our current thinking about the mind.
I have accomplished this with several specimens for my own instruction; but I cannot undertake to do it here because I am prevented by considerations, which every right-minded person must approve of, relative to the psychic material necessary for such a demonstration. We have the same pair of alternatives, of either organic or functional impairment caused by a woman, or actually by the sexual life — either tabetic paralysis or a neurosis — with which latter the nature of Lasalle's undoing is indirectly connected. The third and most significant region is the unconscious. When one has familiarized oneself with the extensive employment of symbolism for the representation of sexual material in dreams, one naturally asks oneself whether many of these symbols have not a permanently established meaning, like the signs in shorthand; and one even thinks of attempting to compile a new dream-book on the lines of the cipher method. The dream carries out in detail this mode of representation. Whatever dream-work has been added to other dreams, we call dream distortion, and this can be annulled by our work of interpretation. One might think that here a simple displacement had occured in the course of dream-formation.
Besides it has already been decided upon their arrival who is to be upstairs and who down. . Everything, however, which appears conspicuously in the dream as a speech can be referred to real speeches which have been made or heard by the dreamer himself. If it were only just the other way! The dream thus contains the lucky big throw which is not, however, a wish-fulfilment only. Inasmuch as Irma has a diphtheritic membrane, which recalls my anxiety about my eldest daughter, she comes to represent this child of mine, behind whom, connected with her by the identity of their names, is concealed the person of the patient who died from the effects of poison. But not only the possibility of representation, but also the interests of condensation and of the censor, can be furthered by this change. He himself explains that this means: It does not occur to me in the dream.
The impression is gained from this first investigation that the elements botanical and monograph have been accepted in the dream content because they were able to show the most extensive connections with the dream thoughts, and thus represent nuclei in which a great number of dream thoughts come together, and because they have manifold significance for the dream interpretation. Being conscious of my innocence, and of the fact that I have been called in for consultation, I calmly follow the lackey. The recognition of this new and utterly inconstant relation between the dream-thoughts and the dream-content will probably astonish us at first. For the purposes of dream-condensation I may construct a composite person in yet another fashion, by combining the actual features of two or more persons in a single dream-image. Dattner: My host, a policeman in the municipal service, dreamed that he was standing at his post in the street, which was a wish-realisation. Through the agency of an experience which is indifferent in itself, the episode with the gentleman who scolds about the King of Italy again refers to the intrusion of people of low rank into aristocratic society. The attitude of dreams to the category of antithesis and contradiction is very striking.
As such, the work of interpreting the dream follows the dream-work in reverse, from the manifest content to the latent content. But the problem offered by the scale of definition, which ranges from the apparently clear to the indistinct or confused, is far more complicated than the problem of fluctuations in vividness of the dream-elements. She makes herself beautiful for him; she admits physical defects, of which she is ashamed and which she wishes to correct. She bought some eucalyptus oil from the monks, and she maintains that it has done her much good. I run a long knife under a cake as though to take a slice out of it.
The bosom of the nurse is in reality an inn for the child. The id, ego, and superego have most commonly been conceptualized as three essential parts of the human personality. The study of the dream of Irma's injection has now enabled us to obtain some insight into the process of condensation which occurs in the formation of dreams. I then find in the dream some nonsense which seems hardly straightened out by my explanation, and which almost forms a contradiction to my earlier speech Of course I cannot ride with you on the railway line itself. You could say that the fields of psychoanalysis, psychiatry, and psychology were born, but much more importantly, scientific thinking about the mind began. A few days later I informed the patient that I did not know what to do with him, and advised him to go to someone else. The two maids go to fetch water, and have, as it were, to climb into a river, which reaches up to the house or into the courtyard.
It is to be noted that sexual flower-symbolism, which, of course, is very widespread, symbolizes the human sexual organs by flowers, the sexual organs of plants; indeed, presents of flowers between lovers may have this unconscious significance. The chief person in the content of the dream is my patient Irma, who is seen with the features which belong to her in waking life, and who therefore in the first instance represents herself. He identifies himself with his brother who is editing a review which deals with relations to the Farthest East. A female patient relates a dream in which all the persons concerned were especially big. There is no inn in this street. It may, therefore, be seen that the thought process in dreaming represents an earlier and more primitive form of thinking.
But still it might be possible that the elements immediately following these and representing them might show a higher degree of intensity, without, however, for that reason constituting the centre of the dream representation. But the thesis which is most easily established is that all speeches which occur in the dream, and which are expressly designated as such, are unchanged or only slightly modified copies of speeches which are likewise to be found in the recollections of the dream material. Contact at that one point which offends the censorship now justifies my formation of a composite person, who is characterized by the indifferent features of each. At that time most neurologists believed that there were discrete anatomical areas in the brain that were responsible for different cognitive functions. Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions. The following are examples from English and German: Topfpot; boattub; hurryRuhe rest, quiet. The solution of the mystery in the case in question is as follows: In the dream I needed something absurd and incomprehensible in connection with riding Fahren because in the dream thoughts I had a certain judgment which required representation.
In this case it must have reference to the nurse of the patient, who is now a man of nearly fifty years of age. A gesture of respect and reflection. Thus, the wish was the dream's motive, and the dream represents the wish fulfilled. I remember that he looked very like Garibaldi on his death-bed, and I am glad that this promise has really come true. I would rather be myself an ancestor.