Propaganda serves the positive task of uniting the people, sometimes at the cost of misleading them. In the beginning of Animal Farm, the idea of freedom rouses the animals as if from a long slumber. Because they are smarter than the other animals, the pigs start to run the farm. He often pulls dirty tricks to gain the support of the animals, and he is elected the leader. The other major example of fear tactics in the novel is the threat of Snowball and his collaborators.
The change of the Seven Commandments, led to the manipulation of the animals. The narrator describes things as the animals perceive them. For the majority of Animal Farm, Orwell skewers propaganda and exposes its nature as deception. The dogs face perhaps even a worse form of exploitation than the other animals, because they are made into agents of intimidation and death. The pigs are the most intelligent animals, so they think up resolutions for the other animals to debate. There is no scientific basis for the pigs' claim—in fact, if anyone needs more food to fuel their labor, it is the manual laborers—but they can count on the animals' being too ignorant to realize that.
The animals represent the major political figures at this time, and many of the events in the novel are similar to the Russian Revolution. In the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin had the same idea. Every Sunday, Snowball and Napoleon lead a meeting of all the animals in the big barn. Orwell held the pessimistic belief that totalitarianism was inevitable, even in the West. Major was the initial one to start the movement and the other two were the main leaders that carried it on after he passed away.
The Corruption of Socialist Ideals in the Soviet Union Animal Farm is most famous in the West as a stinging critique of the history and rhetoric of the Russian Revolution. Not only does Jones overwork the animals and steal the products of their labor, but he can whip or slaughter them at his discretion. Different totalitarian states have different justifications for their rule. Why do they get altered in this order? So the the animals rebelled and and chased… old pig highly respected by the other animals on the farm. Later on, the pigs manipulated the animals to do more and more work, giving them less and less food. Orwell emphasizes the insidiousness of totalitarianism early in the novel, when the pigs take the fresh milk and apples. Thus Orwell implies that religious devotion — viewed by many as a noble character trait — can actually distort the ways in which one thinks of his or her life on earth.
In this way, Orwell makes the point that totalitarianism need not be blatant in order to be operating. Witnessing Hitler's and Stalin's movements from afar, as well as fighting totalitarianism in the Spanish Civil War, Orwell came to believe in the rise of a new species of autocrat, worse even than the tyrants of old. Snowball and Napoleon represent Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin who both where fighting for superiority. Jones's return is such a serious threat that it quashes the animals' curiosity without fail. Abuse of Religion The character Moses in the story is an annoying crow who claims that there is a Sugar Candy Mountain, and spreads many dreamy and fictitious ideas into the farm.
He dies in an inebriates' home after abandoning his hopes to reclaim his farm. In our society, there is the government who makes our decisions that may or may not leads to the well being of the citizens. In addition to being a source of manipulation, propaganda is an agent of fear and terror. Each time that Napoleon and the other pigs wish to break one of the Seven Commandments, they legitimize their transgressions by changing the Commandment's original language. The characters in the novel represent the political figures of the time, and Orwell even mirrors similar actions and events.
The pigs also use their literacy to learn trades from manuals, giving them an opportunity for economic specialization and advancement. The commandments were the result of 3 months of studying Animalism, and fruit of the group work by the pigs before the division between Snowball and Napoleon. The Animals An old boar whose speech about the evils perpetrated by humans rouses the animals into rebelling. Above all else, Squealer is very ambitious to gain more power. Religion and Tyranny A final noteworthy and again, satiric theme is the way in which people proclaim their allegiance to each other, only to betray their true intentions at a later time.
The animals adhere to the tenets of Animalism happily, and with good result. The other major example of fear tactics in the novel is the threat of Snowball and his collaborators. Execution with weapons is a violent and horrifying act, but many people have become desensitized to it. Mollie was the foolish, pretty white mare who loved sugar cubes and ribbons in her mane. According to Russell Baker, who wrote the preface to Animal Farm's 1996 Signet Classics version, Orwell's pessimism stemmed from his having grown up in an age of dictatorship. Jones The often-drunk owner of Manor Farm, later expelled from his land by his own animals. He uses similar fear tactics regarding Frederick and Pilkington.
It is no coincidence that Animal Farm's most apathetic and cynical animal, Benjamin, is one of those that survives the longest. Squealer's subsequent announcement that the executions have ended the Rebellion connects them to the period of the Red Terror, however. It is an allegory that has many great lessons that are learned and acquired from reading it. Killing suspected criminals, as Napoleon does, is quite another issue. After all, even if another Rebellion were to take place, its leaders would eventually come to emulate Napoleon. At the time of the revolution, even the pigs are excited by and committed to the idea of universal animal equality.