Workers also frequently cited body movement as contributing to their injuries. Keep your load tilted back. Good housekeeping, proper lifting and loading procedures, and proper packaging are all important. Bags and bundles must be stacked in interlocking rows to remain secure. When a difference in road or working levels exist , means such as ramps, blocking, or grading shall be used to ensure the safe movement of vehicles between the two levels. Work methods and stations should be designed to minimize the distance between the person and the object being handled.
It is essential that trainers tailor their presentations to the needs and understanding of their audience. However, this requirement shall not operate to preclude the use of another form of splice or connection which can be shown to be as efficient and which is not otherwise prohibited. Are they stable and secured? Abrasive Wear — The ability to withstand abrasion is determined by the size, number of wires, and construction of the rope. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported there were 613,251 over-exertion cases with lost-workdays. Adjusting the forks outward for wide loads, helps you to center the load, and make it more stable.
When lifting and storing groceries, you and family members should take care to share the work, move carefully, and take your time. Smaller wires bend more readily and therefore offer greater flexibility but are less able to withstand abrasive wear. Structural steel, bar stock, poles, and other cylindrical materials, unless in racks, must be stacked and blocked to prevent spreading or tilting. Take time to adjust the forks on your lift to fit the load you will be carrying. These strands and wires will not return to their original positions. The heavier the loads, the greater the number of bends, or the more adverse the conditions under which the sling operates, the more frequently lubrication will be required. Pipes and bars should not be stored in racks that face main aisles; this could create a hazard to passers-by when removing supplies.
Damaged or defective slings shall be immediately removed from service. On arrival, check for any spillage or leakage. The maximum load limit is determined by means of a multiplier. As you would at work, use wall brackets, shelving, and other storage systems in order to put materials at the right height. For example, don't exceed the recommended load limits of vehicles used in handling materials. Struck by accidents accounted for 22% of all injuries in construction in 2000. Materials handling is the art and science of moving,packing and storing ofsubstances in any form.
Check: Is the speed limit being observed? Be sure the pallets you are using are in good condition. Store flammable and combustible materials according to their fire characteristics. General safety principles can help reduce workplace accidents. If stored on their sides, the bottom tiers must be blocked to keep them from rolling. Whether moving materials manually or mechanically, employees should be aware of the potential hazards associated with the task at hand and know how to control their workplaces to minimize the danger. Abuse — Abuse will cause a wire rope sling to become unsafe long before any other factor.
This presentation is not a substitute for any of the provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 or for any standards issued by the U. This multiplier is the number by which the ultimate strength of a wire rope is divided to determine the working load limit. Do they interfere with visibility? Since workers are the target audience, this presentation emphasizes hazard identification, avoidance, and control — not standards. When manual assistance is required at any stage in the job, ensure that there are enough workers to share the work. Secure portable dockboards in position, either by anchoring or equipping with devices which prevent their slipping.
When placing blocks under a load: - Ensure the load is not released until hands are removed from under the load. When driving an empty truck, travel in reverse up an incline, and forward down an incline. For lighter jobs, use tools that may help including dollies, wheelbarrows, ropes, or belts. This will reduce the strain on your back. Formal training — lecture, discussion, interactive computer learning, written materials 2. Is the vehicle operator skilled enough for the job at hand? Methods oriented system a Manual systems b Automated systems c Job shop handling system d Mass production system4.
Remember, you know the rules best - so bring your safety attitude home with you from work. Yet, the improper handling and storing of materials can cause costly injuries. New wire rope slings have a design factor of 5. Conversely, larger wires of less flexible ropes are better able to withstand abrasion. The requirements of the standards must be taught, as well as truck-related and workplace-related topics. It depends on the conditions under which the sling is used. Every worker and supervisor has a safety role to play in handling and storing materials.
Additional inspections shall be performed during sling use, where service conditions warrant. If you are driving a loaded truck, travel forward up an incline, and backward down an incline. This presentation addresses handling and storing of materials using manual and machine lifting e. When U-bolt wire rope clips are used to form eyes, Table H-20 shall be used to determine the number and spacing of clips. The types of slings covered are those made from alloy steel chain, wire rope, metal mesh, natural or synthetic fiber rope conventional three strand construction , and synthetic web nylon, polyester, and polypropylene. Bagged material must be stacked by stepping back the layers and cross-keying the bags at least every ten layers.