Singapore: National Archives of Singapore. . They were made by people, from within their own contexts. An Introduction to the History of History. Edited by Christopher Fyfe, 17—30. Over a period of several months we circulated the picture among the older family relatives. A Dictionary of Muslim Names.
European Sources for Sub-Saharan Africa before 1900: Use and Abuse. There are a number of StoryCorps initiatives that have targeted specific populations or problems, following in the tradition of using oral history as a method to amplify voices that might otherwise be marginalized. Forgery is unfortunately also not entirely outside the realm of possibilities, as the Donatio Constantini the Donation of makes painfully clear. The context in which bones are found as well as the point in time they came from help to fill information regarding their societies. The Shape of the Past. Ancient and Medieval Sources on the Geography and History of the Peoples of Africa South of the Sahara, Seventh to Twelfth Centuries.
Among the most notable collection of these sources are and on West Africa; , which contains primary Arabic texts with Russian translations, as well as with its French translations , are continental in focus. Writing Independent History: African Historiography, 1960—1980. By interviewing widely, oral historians seek points of agreement among many different sources, and also record the complexity of the issues. Shows the invalidity of the hypothesis and the validation of African initiatives, historicity, and civilizations. These were followed by Arabic and Islamic scholars, whose writings became valuable sources for the reconstruction of the history of Islamic Africa.
A brief survey of the range, nature, and scope of the Christian missionary and European colonial sources on African history. The notes are something like the anthropologist's field notes. Once freed, most blacks saved enough money to buy their own land. The two most well-known examples of this, fellatio and cunnilingus, are mouth-to-penis and mouth-to-vagina, respectively. These annals were combined and compiled into a single document in the 5th century by the while was ruling the. How do I ask the questions? Written sources can carry personal or social biases.
Such a poem is regarded as praise poem. Presents the Mfecane, or Zulu revolution, and the resultant wide variety of sociopolitical systems as a direct result of internal rather than external stimuli and as a testament to African capabilities. These interviews uncovered untold stories of famine and death. This is partly attributed to the development of information technology, which allowed a method rooted in orality to contribute to research, particularly the use of personal testimonies made in a wide variety of public settings. Now history can give us a much more inclusive, and, one hopes, accurate picture of the past. If we understand the characteristics of our sources, however, we have a better chance of controlling the process to minimize inaccuracies.
An overview of the problems and challenges, as well as the immeasurable value, of using European sources. Especially if the interviews are to be archived for future use, the interviewers also need to sign releases. United States of America: Oxford University Press. I had, instead, the stories and their tellers' reasons for remembering in their own particular ways. The knowledge gained through researching oral testimony often highlights the accounts of individuals whose stories are often overlooked and can pr … ovide insight into peoples history that has been generalized by strictly referring to partisan history.
As a result, legend have been defined as the stories are partly true and partly false. Aside from interviewee's name, address, telephone number, birthdate, and birthplace, the form might ask for the names, birth dates, and dates of death for parents, siblings, spouses, and children. Interviewing: Strategy, Techniques, and Tactics. Moreover, the bureaucratization of public affairs was tending to standardize the paper trail, and the telephone was replacing personal correspondence. Some oral historians, stress the collection of eyewitness accounts of the words and deeds of important historical figures and what really happened during those important historical events, which is similar to common practice in the west, while the others focus more on important people and event, asking important figures to describe the decision making and details of important historical events.
Monumenta Cartograhica Africae et Aegypti. Includes materials on Egypt and black Africa and also Arabic primary texts with Russian translations. Thus, decisions can be made quickly without any delay. Examines written sources on Africa since the 15th century. However, many oral history projects are now recorded on video and used to capture more detailed information on the future generation. Archived from on 12 February 2005.