But the distinctions are neither clear nor entirely stable. Are the sources for factual information clearly listed so they can be verified in another source? Looking at Information with a Skeptical Eye Finally, you can assess the accuracy and currency of information found at an Internet site by observing if the information is timely and comprehensive. What you are doing with corroboration, then, is using information to test information. The tool guides you step-by-step through 6 c riteria points so you can determine whether or not a website is credible. Have half of your friends had their cars stolen? Once you click on a book you like, Google Books will give you a preview of the book and information related to buying the book or finding it in your library.
For other organizations, it can be difficult sometimes to determine if they are established and reputable. Doe has bought Web space for a personal Web page. That is, information is usually a mixture of old and new, some things you already know and some things you do not. An example in the print world would be a multi-page, special advertising insert in Newsweek, paid for by a leading group of pharmaceutical companies that discusses new developments in drug treatments for arthritis. It is safe to assume that if you have limited background in a topic and have a limited amount of time to do your research, you may not be able to get the most representative material on the subject. Third, remember that visits to web sites, YouTube videos, and so on, are often monetized: that is, the more people who click on them, the more money the creators make.
Otherwise, someone may be just making up numbers. This is an important finding because ' peer-reviewed' means that it was published in a scholarly journal that was reviewed by other experts in the field. Does the site look well organized? Unlike similar information found in newspapers or television broadcasts, information available on the Internet is not regulated for quality or accuracy; therefore, it is particularly important for the individual Internet user to evaluate the resource or information. In the Web environment, it is especially important to critically examine information presented on commercial sites. Keep in mind that almost anyone can publish anything they wish on the Web.
Some organizations, while established leaders in their fields, have very few resources available to maintain and update their websites. It is a subsidiary of. So you need to adopt a skeptical--or at least a cautious--attitude toward all knowledge claims. In order for a source to be reliable, the information presented must be able to be repeated. Content on Wikipedia can be edited by anyone—not necessarily an expert or credible author. Some of these are restricted to members of a group, or of a specific course.
How to Verify As a general rule, health and medical information websites sponsored by the U. The domain suffix might also give you a clue about the geographic origin of a Web site. Peer review is subverted, however, if the reviewers have a vested interest in the results of the study they are reviewing. Ask yourself about authority, objectivity, reliability, and relevance. Require more credibility and evidence for stronger claims. The traditional name for this type of fake news is disinformation, information the creator knows is false but which he wants you to believe is true.
If you come across a site with this domain, then you're viewing a federal government site. Researchers and other experts often use blogs as a way to share their knowledge with the general public, but anyone with computer access can do so too, to further any agenda they want. Keep these slants in mind when you are researching. Facts' next task is to judge the reliability of all of the additional sources used to support the marketing and medical claims for the new product. See for more information about using scholarly sources.
Another way of determining the reputation of an organization is to examine how it is referred to in newspaper or periodical articles. Those sources are more likely to be credible than Wikipedia itself. You should make sure you corroborate any position you find with other positions published in other sources, such as periodicals or books. An official position will have been reviewed or edited before being released. Facts will take each source and look to see if her findings meet her approval checklist. Read other articles on the site, particularly ones written by the same author.
This symbol usually indicates that the site is a personal Web page and the information should be given careful scrutiny. Nor do you have to become completely cynical and disbelieve everything. To help you sort through the online clutter and locate reliable, trustworthy medical information, here are a few tips to follow, along with some top-rated sites you can always turn to with confidence. Individuals can create personal sites or blogs to write about their families, friends, work, or any other subject. If your university sends an announcement to all students via email, you may reasonably consider this public information. One must delineate between general reference for general knowledge and scholarly sources for in-depth knowledge and research.
This very convenience, however, also leads writers into danger. We write about everything from web hosting to how real life events impact the internet and it's economy. The final conclusions must be able to be created again in order to reinforce the reliability of the findings. The reality is that being able to learn things on our own alters the balance of power in the doctor-patient relationship. An address that ends in. Don't assume that a great-looking Web site is automatically credible.
Pay attention to the tone and be cautious of highly emotional writing. Every website that shows up as search result has been hand-picked by research experts. Basics of Citing Websites When listing Internet sources in your References or Works Cited, the most important thing to remember is that your goal is to make it easy for a reader to consult your sources. It's your job as a searcher, then, to evaluate what you locate, in order to determine whether it suits your needs. Regardless, a site should always provide some indication of when the information was created or the site was last updated. Also note: You may notice that listing Internet sources often takes more time and care than listing print sources.