Treaty of Saragosa -An agreement between spain and purtugal over Moluccas island -singed by the king of spain and putugal on april 22 1529 -potugal paid 350,00 ducats to spain Saling Away. Magellan also made a financial alliance with Christopher de Haro, a member of a large Antwerp firm that was against the king of Portugal. It was the opposition to the power of the clergy that in large measure brought about the rising attitude for independence. In November, 1520, the fleet reached the Pacific Ocean, making them the first Europeans to ever see it. King Charles I saw this as an opportunity to gain status and wealth for his country and gave Magellan funding.
In 1480, Ferdinand Magellan was born in Sabrosa, Portugal. The government of any lands discovered was to be vested in them and their heirs, and they were to receive a one-twentieth share of the net profits from the venture. And it can certainly be argued that the selfishness of Xerxes, the Persian king during the time of the Greek invasion, and the Athenian politician and general during the invasion of Sicily, played quite possibly the most impactful role in the squandered conquest attempts. By 1510 he had been promoted to the rank of captain. Crossing the equinoctial line at approximately 158° W on February 13, the voyagers on March 6 made first landfall at in the , where they obtained fresh food for the first time in 99 days. However, his military glory ended after he secretly sailed a ship east without permission.
It was also a failure. The Philippines was administered as a province of New Spain Mexico until Mexican independence 1821. Magellan was killed during his historic journey, which was then completed by the Spanish explorer Juan Sebastián Elcano. On November 20, they crossed the equator; on December 6, the crew sighted Brazil. Stories and legends about incredible wealth stimulated the Spanish exploration of North America. Thereupon, beholding him dead, we, wounded, retreated, as best we could, to the boats, which were already pulling off.
The boats could not approach nearer because of certain rocks in the water. Loaisa's Expedition Headed by Garcia Jofre de Loaisa with Sebastian Elcano. Pigafetta mentions some of the technology of the court, such as porcelain which was not yet widely available in Europe , and spectacles eyeglasses were only just becoming available in Europe. Among the most significant changes under Spanish rule was that the Filipino idea of public use and ownership of land was replaced with the concept of private ownership and the granting of titles on members of the principalía. Reaching Cochin now , India in the fleet of Diogo Lopes de Sequeira, he subsequently left for the Malay city-state of Malacca now , Malaysia. Returning to Lisbon in November 1514, he asked King for a token increase in his pension as a reward.
Magellan was able to communicate with the native peoples because his Malay interpreter could understand their language. The Augustinians received Batangas, Bulacan, Pampanga, Ilocos, Cebu and Panay. Then, trying to lay hand on sword, he could draw it out but halfway, because he had been wounded in the arm with a bamboo spear. Among the many answers and explanations presented to explain such iconic military defeats, the two that prove to apply to both the Persians and Athenians are that they both lacked selfless and quality leadership, and they were exceptionally unprepared. Ferdinand Magellan, colour engraving, 16th century. They then proceeded north and on May 8, they arrived at Manila Bay. Magellan hopes to make this chieftain supreme over the remaining local tribes and loyal to the King of Spain.
He did not accompany his men during their conquest of Manila because of health problems and advanced age. In 1510, he was made a captain. The vessel sailed across the Indian Ocean, rounded the Cape of Good Hope, and arrived at the Spanish port of SanlÚcar de Barrameda on September 6, 1522, becoming the first ship to circumnavigate the globe. However, Antonio Pigafetta had been making notes about the language, and was apparently able to continue communications during the rest of the voyage. Magellan and Faleiro now proposed to sail west to give practical proof of their claim that the Spice Islands lay west of the line of demarcation—that is, within the Spanish, not the Portuguese, hemisphere.
On March 6, they reached the Marianas and on March 16, the island of Homonhon in the Philippines, with 150 crewmen left. These includedthe Jofre de Loaisa Expedition to Urdaneta, the Alvaro de SaavedraExpedition, and the highly unsuccessful Ruy Lopez de VillalobosExpedition. He was given 3 Instructions by King Philip, namely: a. Brunei disdained the cloves which were to prove more valuable than gold, upon the return to Spain. A determined man, he overcame personal obstacles, mutinies, uncharted seas and biting hunger and malnutrition during the course of his voyage. Under the contract, Magellan and Faleiro, as joint captains-general, would receive one-twentieth of all profits and the title of Adelantados.
After Magellan's death in Cebu, it took 16 more months for Elcano to return to Spain. Over the next seven years, Magellan participated in several expeditions in India and Africa and was wounded in several battles. They were the first known Europeans to see the great ocean, which Magellan named Mar Pacifico, the Pacific Ocean, for its apparent peacefulness, a stark contrast to the dangerous waters of the strait from which he had just emerged. Within a year, with the help of his grandson, Juan de Salcedo, Legazpi had almost the whole country under Spanish rule, with the exception of the Sulu islands and parts of Mindanao and interior Luzon. The first of many Spanish expeditions to our country was made by Ferdinand Magellan in 1521. There, he baptized King Humabon of the Cebu and many of his people. This was his reason for moving to Seville, Spain in 1517.