Scout also finds out that it was Bob Ewell who has made the accusations against Tom Robinson. The trial, once again, proves to be a point at which they are forced to grow up and see the world as it is, not through the innocent lens of childhood. I tried to get out of bed, but my leg was still numb. The story covers a span of three years, during which the main characters undergo significant changes. However, despite these weighty themes, the novel does seem to end somewhat optimistically, showing that, even if Tom was found guilty, some progress has been made in Maycomb.
But importantly, Lee leaves readers with the remembrance that Scout the narrator is still a little girl. Heck arrives at the scene and reports that Bob Ewell is the attacker and that he is dead, a knife in his ribs. Something tears at the metal mesh, and she hears struggling behind her. Scout's father, Atticus, is her sole guardian as her mother died very young. Tom Robinson is considered a mockingbird because of his goodness and innocence, even when unjustly accused of the rape of Mayella Ewell. He mentions, however, than one man on the jury for the case- a Cunningham- was actually the reason it took so long for the jury to reach a verdict. Their speculations thrive on the dehumanization perpetuated by their elders.
Given all the injustices he had experienced in his life, Tom did not think it possible that his case would be appealed or that the outcome would be favorable. However, bored one day with their usual routine, they begin acting out the story of Boo Radley. Scout assures him that she does, explaining that having it another way would be like shooting a mockingbird. She will wear a large costume made of chicken wire and wrapped around with brown cloth, which comes to just above her knees. Not until she returns home and Atticus asks her where the blanket came from does she realize that Boo Radley must have put it around her while she was entranced by watching Miss Maudie, her favorite neighbor, and her burning house.
Tom is unable to use his left hand due to a previous injury. In this chapter, Boo has made the full transition from monster to sad recluse and potential friend. Atticus is still unsure but Heck Tate has made the up his mind. The novel won a Pulitzer Prize in 1961 and the next year was made into an Academy Award-winning film. Jem realizes that Boo Radley must have done it. He tucks her in her own bed, and then retreats to Jem's room, where he spends the night. As they head home, they hear someone behind them.
Back home, Scout sits with Atticus, who begins to read her one of the scary children's stories he has picked up, which ironically mirrors the story of Boo Radley. When I woke up I was in my bed at home. The term mockingbird is used as a metaphor for people who are innocent, well meaning, kind, and noble. She also insinuates that because the United States is a democracy, fairness is available for all, when blacks are suffering from the same kinds of discrimination and segregation that Jews experience in Hitler's dictatorial regime. Scout is so ashamed that she and Jem wait backstage until the crowd is gone before they make their way home. The children continue play-acting just as they had the summer before.
Calpurnia, who is minding the children, takes Jem and Scout to her church one day. Scout Finch lives with her brother Jem and their father Atticus in the fictitious town of Maycomb, Alabama. Because of the colour of his skin, Tom Robinson is defenseless, exactly how a mockingbird would be. Scout says she will never forget that gesture. Jem tells Atticus-despite Scout's protest- and Atticus goes next door to tell Dill's aunt, Miss Rachel. You see, that mysterious person is Boo Radley! The sheriff urges Atticus, this once, to accept the situation even if it's not perfect according to law: Mr.
Dubose knew she was defeated and, yet, she persisted anyway. As she returns to her cot, she thinks of Dill and remembers his story of the day died in late August. The next time they stop walking, the footsteps behind them suddenly quicken into a run. The next witness to be called to the stand is Mayella herself. Chapter 30 The men seat themselves in the front porch.
He gives them air rifles for Christmas, and Atticus cautions them to never use these against mockingbirds because they are harmless. At the beginning of the novel, Atticus engages Scout in a white lie about their reading together to keep her in school without unduly embarrassing Miss Caroline. Jem confidently tells Scout that Mr. To her surprise, he is a nice, gentle man who appears to be somewhat sickly — not at all the monster of her imagination. Jem is able to get away with a lie about why he is missing his pants; when he returns to the fence later, he finds his pants neatly and mysteriously mended.