Water pollution act 1974. Water prevention and control of pollution Act, 1974 2019-01-15

Water pollution act 1974 Rating: 7,3/10 1799 reviews

Water prevention and control of pollution Act, 1974

water pollution act 1974

The Water Act, 1974 with certain amendments in 1978 is an extensive legislation with more than sixty sections for the prevention and control of water pollution. Where the Central Board performs any of the functions of the State Board in pursuance of a direction under sub-section 2 , the expenses, if any, incurred by the Central Board with respect to the performance of such functions may, if the State Board is empowered to recover such expenses, be recovered by the Central Board with interest at such reasonable rate as the Central Government may, by order, fix from the date when a demand for such expenses is made until it is paid from the person or persons concerned as arrears of land revenue or of public demand. These are total 8 chapters and 64 Sections. For the purpose of enabling a State Board to perform the functions conferred on it by or under this Act, the State Board or any officer empowered by it in that behalf, may make surveys of any area and gauge and keep records of the flow or volume and other characteristics of any stream or well in such area, and may take steps for the measurement and recording of the rainfall in such area or any part thereof and for the installation and maintenance for those purposes of gauges or other apparatus and works connected therewith, and carry out stream surveys and may take such other steps as may be necessary in order to obtain any information required for the purposes aforesaid. Come home to nature When living gets stressful, you usually absorb.

Next

Water prevention and control of pollution Act, 1974

water pollution act 1974

The state board of respective states is empowered to plan a comprehensive program for the prevention, control or abatement of pollution of streams and wells, collect and disseminate information relating to water pollution and encourage, conduct and participate in investigations and research relating to problems of water pollution and prevention. Every State Board shall, during each financial year, prepare, in such form as may be prescribed, an annual report giving full account of its activities under this Act during the previous financial year and copies thereof shall be forwarded to the State Government within four months from the last date of the previous financial year and that Government shall cause every such report to be laid before the State Legislature within a period of nine months from the last date of the previous financial year. The Act was amended in the years 1978 and 1988. Compulsory acquisition of land for the State Board. Every State Board shall maintain a register containing particulars of the conditions imposed under this section and so much of the register as relates to any outlet, or to any effluent, from any land or premises shall be open to inspection at all reasonable hours by any person interested in, or affected by such outlet, land or premises, as the case may be, or by any person authorised by him in this behalf and the conditions so contained in such register shall be conclusive proof that the consent was granted subject to such conditions. Clean Water Legislation Prior to 1974 Beginning in the late 19th century, Congress enacted laws, directly and indirectly, related to clean water.

Next

Water (prevention & control of pollution) act, 1974

water pollution act 1974

Under Section 27 : A state board may from time-to-time review any condition imposed by it on the person under Sections 25 and 26 and may vary or revoke that condition. Contributions by State Government sec. Under Section 17: Functions of State Board : 1. Drinking cups for common use were prohibited unless they were cleaned after each use. It applies in the first instance to the whole of the States of Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Tripura and West Bengal and the Union territories; and it shall apply to such other State which adopts this Act by resolution passed in that behalf under clause 1 of article 252 of the Constitution. As one day, it is applicable in all the states of India.

Next

Clean Water Laws

water pollution act 1974

Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899 In 1899, the Rivers and Harbors Act was enacted to ensure U. Subject to the provisions of this Act, the main function of the Central Board shall be to promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States. In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing functions, the Central Board may- Advice the Central Government on any matter concerning the prevention and control of water pollution. The Central Board shall, during each financial year, prepare, in such form as may be prescribed, an annual report giving full account of its activities under this Act during the previous financial year and copies thereof shall be forwarded to the Central Government within four months from the last date of the previous financial year and that Government shall cause every such report to be laid before both Houses of Parliament within nine months from the last date of the previous financial year. Functions of the State Board Section 17 of the clearly lists all functions of the respective state boards for countering water pollution. Local authorities to assist sec.

Next

Useful Notes on the Water Prevention and Control of Pollution Act, 1974

water pollution act 1974

Such insertions do not conform to our and and are either deleted or edited and republished. The Board may establish or recognise a laboratory or laboratories to enable the Board to perform its functions under this section efficiently, including the analysis of samples of water from any stream or well or of samples of any sewage or trade effluents. There is no excuse—and we should call a spade a spade-for chemical companies and oil refineries using our major rivers as pipelines for toxic wastes. Under Section 25 : No person shall without the previous consent to establish shall. Among other things, the Act provides for constitution of central and State Boards for preventing water pollution, power to take water samples and their analysis, discharge of sewage or trade effluents, appeals, revision, minimum and maximum penalties, publication of names of offenders, offences by companies and Government departments, cognizance of offences, water laboratories, analysis etc. Whoever fails to comply with any order issued under clause c of sub-section 1 of section 32 or any direction issued by a court under sub-section 2 of section 33 or any direction issued under section 33A shall, in respect of each such failure and on conviction, be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than one year and six months but which may extend to six years and with fine, and in case the failure continues, with an additional fine which may extend to five thousand rupees for every day during which such failure continues after the conviction for the first such failure.

Next

Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974

water pollution act 1974

Your comments are automatically posted once they are submitted. Some of the important sections regulating the prevention of water pollution as per the act are as discussed below. Under Section 23 : Officials of the state boards can enter any premises for the purpose of examining any plant, record, register etc. Where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company, every person who at the time the offence was committed was in charge of, and was responsible to the company for the conduct of, the business of the company, as well as the company, shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly: Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall render any such person liable to any punishment provided in this Act if he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence. The Board may establish or recognize a laboratory or laboratories to enable the Board to perform its functions under this section efficiently, including the analysis of samples of water from any stream or well or of samples of any sewage or trade effluents.

Next

Water Act 1974 to prevent and control water pollution

water pollution act 1974

Without prejudice to the provisions of sub-section 3 of section 12, the Central Board or, as the case may be, the State Board may, by notification in the Official Gazette, and with the approval of the Central Government or the State Government, as the case may be, appoint such persons as it thinks fit and having the prescribed qualifications to be Board analysts for the purpose of analysis of samples of water or of sewage or trade effluent sent for analysis to any laboratory established or recognised under section 16, or, as the case may be, under section 17. It shall come into force, at once in the States of Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Tripura and West Bengal and in the Union territories, and in any other State which adopts this Act under clause 1 of article 252 of the Constitution on the date of such adoption and any reference in this Act to the commencement of this Act shall, in relation to any State or Union territory, mean the date on which this Act comes into force in such State or Union territory. If the appellate authority determines that any condition imposed, or the variation of any condition, as the case may be, was unreasonable, then, a where the appeal is in respect of the unreasonableness of any condition imposed, such authority may direct either that the condition shall be treated as annulled or that there shall be substituted for it such condition as appears to it to be reasonable; b where the appeal is in respect of the unreasonableness of any variation of a condition, such authority may direct either that the condition shall be treated as continuing in force unvaried or that it shall be varied in such manner as appears to it to be reasonable. If the appellate authority determines that any condition imposed, or the variation of any condition, as the case may be, was unreasonable, then,- a where the appeal is in respect of the unreasonableness of any condition imposed, such authority may direct either that the condition shall be treated as annulled or that there shall be substituted for it such condition as appears to it to be reasonable; b where the appeal is in respect of the unreasonableness of any variation of a condition, such authority may direct either that the condition shall be treated as continuing in force unvaried or that it shall be varied in such manner as appears to it to be reasonable. It shall come into force at once in the States of Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Tripura and West Bengal and in the Union Territories, and in any other State which adopts this Act under clause 1 of article 252 of the Constitution on the date of such adoption and any reference in this Act to the commencement of this Act shall, in relation to any State or Union Territory, means the date on which this Act comes into force in such State or Union Territory. The Board may establish or recognise a laboratory or laboratories to enable the Board to perform its functions under this section efficiently, including the analysis of samples of water from any stream or well or of samples of any sewage or trade effluents.

Next

Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974

water pollution act 1974

Interstate Quarantine Act of 1893 The purpose of the Interstate Quarantine Act of 1893 was to prevent the spread of disease via immigration and interstate commerce, which at that time would have been people traveling by ship and train. The Act was amended numerous times and morphed into the Clean Water Act in 1972. Play — Experience the ultimate balance House. On receipt of the report under sub-section 1 , one copy of the report shall be sent by the Central Board or the State Board, as the case may be, to the occupier or his agent referred to in section 21, another copy shall be preserved for production before the court in case any legal proceedings are taken against him and the other copy shall be kept by the concerned Board. It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir. As villages, towns, and then cities developed, lack of sanitation and industrial waste polluted public wells and other water sources. If you have the information you are welcome to respond, but please ensure that the information so provided is genuine and not misleading.


Next

WATER POLLUTION ACT 1974 Part 2 in HINDI Full Lectures

water pollution act 1974

The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint such persons as it thinks fit and having the prescribed qualifications to be Government analysts for the purpose of analysis of samples of water or of sewage or trade effluent sent for analysis to any laboratory established or specified under sub-section 1 of section 51. Under Section 33 : The State Board can direct any person who is likely to cause or has cause the pollution of water in street or well to desist from taking such action as is likely to cause its pollution or to remove such matters as specified by the Board through court. No changes have been applied to the text. In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing functions, the Central Board may- - Advice the Central Government on any matter concerning the prevention and control of water pollution. The government formulated this act in 1974 to prevent the pollution of water by industrial, agricultural and household wastewater that can contaminate our water sources. Under this Section the state board may grant consent to the industry after satisfying itself on pollution control measures taken by the unit or refuse such consent for reasons to be recorded in writing.

Next