First, Littlefield and his supporters never claimed to have proved that Baum wrote a deliberate, conscious parable. Since lion rhymes with Bryan, the lion has been seen as symbolic of William Jennings Brian. The Populists wanted silver, along with gold, to be used for money. Each predator is summoned by blowing on a silver whistle, another example of a malicious use of the white metal. We have begged, and they have mocked when our calamity came. Baum Bugle spring : 19-23. Moreover, gold and silver are often portrayed as working in combination.
First, the Scarecrow, representing western farmers. Tin Woodman: is a representation of industrial workers who often experienced being dehumanized. Although some of the parallels are more tenuous than others, many are so obvious and palpable as to defy coincidence. South Dakota History 31: 153-62. Incorporating the analogies developed by Littlefield and others, and adding a few of his own, Rockoff provided a detailed and sustained analysis of the political and economic issues symbolically refracted in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. Still, the Scarecrow is never hurt by his falls, which suggests that the yellow metal was not the real culprit of the farmers woes.
Proceeding down the road, the duo encounter the Tin Woodman. It convinced me that the only solution to our economic troubles is the Monetary Reform Act. The timely support of the mice parallels the importance of the common folk in Bryans bid for the presidency. We believe it is a part of sovereignty and can no more with safety be delegated to private individuals than can the power to make penal statutes or levy laws for taxation. They complain about the plank which declares against the life tenure in office.
Nor does it imply that each symbolic reference has a specific correlate; often the metaphors and analogies are merely suggestive. The man who is employed for wages is as much a businessman as his employer. Conclusion Critics of the allegorical reading of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz have made much of the discovery that L. Scholars and teachers, who saw the allegorical reading as Littlefield himself had as a useful teaching mechanism, tended to be enthusiastic. Yet, as everyone knows, The Wizard of Oz is more than just another celluloid classic; it has become a permanent part of American popular culture.
Now, my friends, let me come to the great paramount issue. The nice witch Glinda then explains to Dorothy that to find out about getting back home she needs to follow the yellow brick road and ask the Wizard of Oz. My friend, in this land of the free you need fear no tyrant who will spring up from among the people. The power of gold proves finite and illusory, and it requires the coexistence of silver bimetalism to sustain its power. The references to gold and silver echo the prominence of monetary politics in the 1890s, especially the bimetallic crusade led by Bryan and the Populists.
The Bryan nomination created a split in the Democratic Party, as gold-standard delegates bolted the convention. They just need to look inside themselves and trust in their power and talents. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is clearly neither a pro-Populist parable nor an anti-Populist parable. The following is a compilation of several views of the monetary reform symbolism used by L. Rockoff wrote his essay in 1990. McKinley of Ohio, for example, supported the Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890, voted for its repeal in 1893, and made the gold standard the cornerstone of his 1896 presidential bid.
That's probably why we are still reading it and watching it. When Bryan was roundly defeated by the sound money Republican William McKinley, the Populist Party, which had considerable strength in the Midwest and South, fell into rapid decline. All along, the Munchkins were vaguely aware that their bondage was somehow linked to the silver shoes, but the shoes precise power was never known. The Wizard, like everybody else, was just trying to survive and was really subservient to the power of the Wicked Witches of the East and West. Not the witches, not Scarecrow or the Tin Man. Once healthy and productive, the Woodman was cursed by the wicked Witch of the East, lost his dexterity, and accidentally hacked off his limbs. She also gives her a pair of silver slippers as they were in the book - they became ruby ones in the film.
Don't we have enough doom and gloom in the world? Indeed, the record shows that Baum was neither. In the decades since the book and film versions of The Wizard of Oz as it is now more popularly known were first presented to audiences, our fondness for minutiae has spurred numerous articles dissecting the details of how, when, and why both versions were created. The Baum Witch Project When Dorothys twister-tossed house comes to rest in Oz, it lands squarely on the wicked Witch of the East, killing her instantly. The Winged Monkeys, the unwilling minions of the Witch of the West, add a further dimension to the Oz allegory. The humblest citizen in all the land when clad in the armor of a righteous cause is stronger than all the whole hosts of error that they can bring. Like the winkies and munchkins, enslaved by the wicked witch and not freed until water liquidity destroys her hold on them. In the same way, the Lion's claws are nearly blunted by the Woodman's metallic shell.